Various Fractures with Eponyms


Monteggia fracture dislocation – fracture of proximal third of ulna with dislocation of head of radius

Gleazzi fracture dislocation – fracture of distal third of radius with dislocation of the distal radio ulnar joint

Night stick fracture – Isolated fracture of the shaft of ulna while trying to ward off a stick blow

Colles fracture – dinner fork deformity where distal end of radius is displaced dorsally

Smith’s fracture – spade deformity where distal end of radius is displaced ventrally

Barton’s fracture – (marginal fracture) Intra-articular fracture through the distal articular surface of the radius, taking a margin anterior or posterior, o the distal radius with the carpals, displaced anteriorly or posteriorly

Chauffeur fracture – an intra-articular, oblique fracture of the styloid process of the radius

Bennett’s fracture dislocation – It is an oblique intra-articular fracture of the base of the first metacarpal with subluxation of the trapezoi-metacarpal joint

Boxer’s Fracture – It is a ventrally displaced fracture through the neck of the 5th metacarpal, occurs in boxers

Side swipe fracture – It is an elbow injury sustained when one’s elbow, projecting out of a car, is side swept by another vehicle. It has a combination of fractures of the distal end of the humerus with fractures of the proximal ends of the radius and or ulna. Also known as baby car fracture.

Bumper fracture – It is a comminuted, depressed fracture of the lateral condyle of tibia

Pott’s Fracture – Bimalleolar ankle fracture


Cotton’s fracture – trimalleolar ankle fracture

Massonaise’s fracture – Fracture of the neck of fibula

Pilon fracture – It is a comminuted intra articular fracture of the distal end of the tibia

Aviator’s fracture – fracture of the neck of the talus

Chopart fracture dislocation – a fracture dislocation through inter tarsal joints

Jones fracture – Avulsion fracture of the base of the 5th metatarsal

Rolando fracture – fracture of the base of the first metacarpal (extra articular)

Jefferson’s fracture – Fracture of the first cervical vertebra

Whiplash injury – Cervical spine injury where sudden flexion followed by hyperextension talks place

Chance fracture – Also called Seat belt fracture, the fracture line running horizontally through the body of the vertebra, through and through to the posterior elements

March fracture – Fatigue fracture of the shaft of 2nd or 3rd metatarsal

Burst fracture – It is a comminuted fracture of the vertebral body where fragments burst out in different directions


Clay shoveller fracture – It is an avulsion fracture of spinous process of one or more of the lower cervical or upper thoracic vertebrae

Hangman’s fracture – It is a fracture through the pedicle and lamina of C2 vertebra, with subluxation of C2 over C3 sustained in hanging

Dashboard fracture – A fracture of posterior lip of the acetabulum, often associated with posterior dislocation of the hip

Straddle fracture – Bilateral superior and inferior pubic rami fractures

Malgaigne’s fracture – A type of pelvic fracture in which there is a combination of fractures, pubic rami anteriorly and sacro iliac joint or ilium posteriorly, on the same side

Mallet finger – A finger flexed at the DIP joint due to avulsion of rupture of extensor tendon at the base of the distal phalanx


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